SDG 10: Reduced inequalities

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries.

Sustainable Development Goal #10 focuses on reducing inequality within and among countries. It calls for reducing inequalities in the income of all people regardless of their status (religion, sex, race, etc.). The goal also addresses inequalities among nations, including those related to representation, migration, and development aid. Progress towards that goal has already been made, but inequality remains a key barrier to social progression, especially in the least developed countries.

According to the 2022 World Inequality Report, the poorest half of the world's population owns just 2% of the global wealth, while the richest 10% own 76%. U.N. data from 44 countries and territories for the period 2014–2020 shows that almost 20% of their people, mostly women, reported a discrimination incident on at least one of the grounds prohibited under international human rights law.

According to UNHCR, the number of forcibly displaced people worldwide grew to 82.4 million at the end of 2020 because of persecution, conflict, violence, human rights violations, and events seriously disturbing public order. In 2020 alone, 4,000 people died or disappeared along migratory routes worldwide, with an increase in fatalities on some routes.

Humanity has a long way to go before reaching greater levels of equality, and SDG #10 is the steppingstone.

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